Abhibyakti Singh

Abhibyakti Singh

Executive Assistant, LXME

It’s never too early for a woman to plan for retirement! As women tend to live longer, retirement planning is an important investment goal to obtain financial security. An easy way to achieve this goal is simply by regularly saving to create a corpus. For this purpose, the Government has introduced some saving schemes that encourage financial discipline, are simple to invest in, and generate fixed returns. Two among them are the Employee Provident Fund and the Public Provident Fund. So, what is the difference between EPF and PPF? And which is better? Let’s find out

What is an Employee Provident Fund?

EPF is a savings scheme offered by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) that aims to provide retirement, pension, and insurance benefits to employed individuals. Under this, both employer and employee contribute 12% of an employee’s basic salary to the scheme. EPF duration of maturity is up till retirement.


  • Any employee with a salary of at least Rs. 15,000/month has to contribute to EPF.
  • You can opt out of contributing towards EPF only if your monthly salary is below Rs. 15,000 or if you’ve never contributed to the scheme before.

Benefits of EPF

  • EPF involves a regular monthly deduction from your salary, encouraging financial discipline and easily building a retirement corpus.
  • EPF enjoys tax benefits, all earnings from this scheme are tax exempted.
  • EPF allows for partial withdrawal of the accumulated amount for a list of reasons.

What is the Public Provident Fund?

Public Provident Fund is a scheme where you can save money with the purpose of earning fixed interest on your savings and accumulating a corpus, typically for retirement. And PPF duration of maturity is 15 years.


  • A PPF account can only be opened by an Indian resident.
  • Minors can open an account with the help of a legal guardian.
  • Only one PPF account can be held by an individual.
  • PPF allows saving with a minimum investment of just ₹500. You can invest small sums every month as per your convenience.
  • PPF offers a loan facility after 3 years of account opening, where you can avail 25% of the amount saved as a loan.
  • PPF offers tax benefits. Contributions to the scheme as well as the amount received on maturity are tax exempted.

Now let’s have a look at difference between EPF and PPF

Difference between EPF and PPF

MeaningEmployee Provident Fund is a retirement saving scheme in which both the employee and employer contribute a portion of the employee’s salary to a fund.Public Provident Fund is a fixed-income security scheme guaranteed by the government, which is available to all individuals and not just employees.
Minimum & Maximum Deposit12% of Basic Salary + DA. Can be increased voluntarily.₹500 & ₹1,50,000
EligibilitySalaried employees of a company registered under EPF act.Any Indian Citizen.
Maturity Retirement or resignation.15 years from the date of account opening.
Rate of Interest8.15% p.a.*7.1% p.a.*
ContributorBoth employer and employee.Self or parent/guardian in case of minors.
Premature Withdrawal● 90% of EPF a/c balance before one year of retirement, after attaining 54 years.
● 75% of EPF a/c balance after 1 month of unemployment. Rest will be transferred to PF account of the new job
After 6 years of account opening. Withdrawal amount can be 50% of account balance of the previous year or 50% of the account balance at the end of 4th preceding year whichever is lower.

Difference between EPF and PPF

*These returns get revised periodically by Government

Drawbacks of EPF and PPF

Cannot beat Inflation

In the long run, both EPF and PPF return barely beat inflation rates. Investment in other instruments such as equity mutual funds has the potential to deliver inflation-beating returns.


Both EPF and PPF are not very liquid instruments. Withdrawals can be made only under special circumstances and after a certain period.

EPF or PPF which is better?

Both EPF and PPF are government-backed savings schemes offering fixed returns.

If you’re self-employed and not eligible for EPF, Public Provident Fund (PPF) is a good, risk-free option to invest some money in and diversify your portfolio.

However, if you’re salaried, then you can opt for EPF as your employer will make an equal contribution to the scheme. Additionally, it has provisions for earlier withdrawals and offers a comparatively higher interest rate.  

In conclusion, making a decision on where to invest has a lot to do with your type of employment, whether salaried or self-employed as well as your withdrawal and returns requirements.

However, ideally one should not put all their eggs in one basket which means you should not invest all your money in one investment instrument. Instead, you should diversify your portfolio against different asset classes such as equity mutual funds, debt mutual funds, gold, and fixed-income instruments. This way, you are managing your risk and optimizing the returns.

To start investing in Mutual funds, you can check out the ‘invest’ tab and explore LXME’s time and goal-based portfolios which are diversified, well-researched, and curated by experts.


Is it mandatory to contribute in EPF if you are a salaried individual?

Yes, it is mandatory to contribute to EPF as a salaried individual if you earn a salary of at least Rs. 15,000/month. However, you can choose to opt out of EPF if it’s your first job or if you’ve never contributed before.

What is the maximum amount you can save in PPF?

In PPF, you can invest a maximum of Rs. 1, 50,000 per year.

What are the major differences between EPF and PPF?

You can choose to close your PPF account anytime, however, EPF can be closed only upon termination of employment. And, only salaried employees can invest in EPF while in PPF, anyone can invest.

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